Handicrafts and arts and crafts
What are “handicrafts”? In general, the term “handicrafts” refers to handmade products that have been individually designed to create a work of art or decoration. As artisans and craftsmen – those who earn their living making and selling handcrafted items – and as countless hobbyists who do it only for their pleasure. Of course, there can also be a hidden advantage if you can make your gifts instead of having to buy them. Handicrafts are deeply rooted in regional and ethnic cultures, so the particularities of what kind of objects constitute crafts vary widely around the world.
How long have arts and crafts existed?
The origin of handicrafts lies in simple barter transactions; experienced artisans and craftsmen would exchange their skills for maintenance. The craftsmen and artisans then passed on their knowledge to the next generation through an apprentice – a help that grew up with the craftsman to learn their trade. The craftsmen who passed on their expertise in this way include blacksmiths, glassblowers, weavers and blacksmiths.
Of course, all this changed with the industrial revolution. Many of the lovingly handcrafted objects that used to be made by craftsmen and artisans could now be produced cheaply in large quantities. As a result, handicrafts as a public profession quickly died out; individual craftsmen and artisans could not compete with industrial efficiency. Today, those who specialised in the former staple foods such as glass blowing or weaving are rare and, unlike their useful ancestors, usually, create precious objects. Ultimately, handicrafts consist mainly of hobbyists and small retailers.
How do you find handicrafts?
Handicrafts are usually not difficult to find. Artisans often take part in craft fairs to have the opportunity to sell their goods and to give buyers the chance to browse and buy from a variety of different types of handicrafts.
Festivals and fairs are right places to look for handicrafts. Many suppliers will rent stands at these events to reach a wide audience. In addition to exhibitions and shows, permanent craft centres are also easy to find in most metropolises. These shopping centres often contain a collection of semi-permanent cabins rented by several craftsmen and artisans.
Of course, if the buyer knows exactly what kind of item he or she is looking for, the Internet can be an excellent resource for finding the perfect craft item. More and more craftsmen and artisans publish their goods online with the ability to view photos and read descriptions of their unique products. While online retailing has gained momentum in other industries, artisans usually like the experience of personally finding the individual products and seeing what has slowed acceptance in this area.
Art’ and ‘Craftsmanship’.
Art generally refers to fine art, such as glass creations, paintings, and sculptures. The people behind the creation of these objects have usually received formal education at art schools or have studied art through other programs. These art objects are generally expensive.
Handicrafts, on the other hand, are usually described as smaller or colloquially as the “basis”. Those who create crafts typically do so by traditional knowledge without formal education. This does not mean, of course, that they are less talented than artists. Handicrafts’ is then the fusion of these two creative trends: primary objects made by highly skilled craftsmen and craftsmen.
The most common handicraft objects
As mentioned earlier, there are countless variations and iterations of handicraft objects around the world. However, most crafts can be divided into a few basic categories: handmade jewellery, ceramics, woodworking, metalworking, and sculpture are some basic classes in which most handicrafts can be grouped. Other common arts and crafts are cross stitching, weaving, crocheting, knitting, embroidery, patchwork, quilting, macramé, and others. Even more common types are ceramics, wood, metal, needlepoint and textiles, and glassware. Others are based on paper and paper products, including scrapbooking, calligraphy, collages, etc.